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Soybean is one of the most important sources of vegetable protein, having a great agronomic importance by fixing atmospheric nitrogen following symbiosis with bacteria of the genus Rhizobium. Bifactorial experience, of the AxB model A - phosphorus doses: P0; P40; P80; P120; P16 and B - nitrogen doses:N0; N25; N50; N75; N100, aims to identify the influence of these doses on the development of soybean cultivation. Although soybeans are a heavy consumer of nitrogen and phosphorus in the early stages of development, however, they do not react well to large amounts of nitrogen as they prevent the development of the number of nodules on soybean roots and inhibits the growth of bacteria, and the increases obtained production do not justify the higher amount of nitrogen applied to soybeans. The number of pods and the mass of 1000 grains are also influenced more by the application of phosphorus doses than nitrogen. Phosphorus applied in higher amounts leads to an increase of over 60% of the number of nodules but also at significant production increases of 5-7%, compared to the non-fertilized variant. On nutrient-rich soils, soybeans do not require fertilization with large amounts of nitrogen, but they react very well to the application of phosphorus fertilizers.
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